Now a days, approximately 22 – 30% of couples are suffering from infertility which means they are trying to conceive with unprotected intercourse for at least a year. In about 50% off infertility patients male infertility is the factor.
Causes Of Male Infertility Are :-
- Excessive smoking
- Alcohol and Drugs intake
- Lifestyle generated issues- like obesity, diabetes etc.
- Emotional Stress
- Malnourishment- like vitamin C, selenium, zinc and folate deficiency.
- Environmental exposures- Indoor pollution as well as outdoor pollution from vehicles.
All the Above factors cause abnormal sperm production or impaired sperm. Ayurveda has mentioned sexual dysfunction and sperm related issues thousands of years ago and developed the separate specialty namely Vajikarana Chikitsa. This has also explained appropriate herbal medications and proper lifestyle for overall enhancement of health treating male infertility.
These are some strategies suggested for avoiding male infertility include the following :-
- Avoiding smoking as it damages sperm DNA
- Avoiding heavy marijuana and alcohol use.
- Avoiding excessive heat to the testes.
- Maintaining optimal frequency of coital activity: sperm counts can be depressed by daily coital activity and sperm motility may be depressed by coital activity that takes place too infrequently (abstinence 10–14 days or more).
- Wearing a protective cup and jockstrap to protect the testicles, in any sport such as baseball, football, cricket, lacrosse, hockey, softball, paintball, rodeo, motorcross, wrestling, soccer, karate or other martial arts or any sport where a ball, foot, arm, knee or bat can come into contact with the groin.
- Diet: Healthy diets rich in such nutrients as omega-3 fatty acids, some antioxidants and vitamins, and low in saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and trans-fatty acids (TFAs) are inversely associated with low semen quality parameters. In terms of food groups, fish, shellfish and seafood, poultry, cereals, vegetables and fruits, and low-fat dairy products have been positively related to sperm quality. However, diets rich in processed meat, soy foods, potatoes, full-fat dairy products, coffee, alcohol and sugar-sweetened beverages and sweets have been inversely associated with the quality of semen in some studies. The few studies relating male nutrient or food intake and fecundability also suggest that diets rich in red meat, processed meat, tea and caffeine are associated with a lower rate of fecundability. This association is only controversial in the case of alcohol. The potential biological mechanisms linking diet with sperm function and fertility are largely unknown and require further study.